The Tien Shan Gold Belt extends for over 2500 km, from western Uzbekistan, through Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and southern Kazakhstan to western China, and represents the central part of the Altaid Orogenic Collage of central Eurasia (Source: Sengör et al., 1993; Sengör and Natalin, 1996; Yakubchuk, 2004).
The Tien Shan Gold Belt is a Hercynian fold and thrust belt hosting numerous mesothermal gold deposits. It forms a part of the Himalayan orogenic belt formed by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates during the Cenozoic era, and is now fast becoming a hot spot for gold mining companies (Source: Mining Maven).
Map of the Tien Shan Gold Belt
Tien Shan Gold Belt: Mineralisation
Known as the ‘heavenly mountains’, the Tien Shan Gold Belt is host to one of the world’s largest concentrations of multimillion ounce gold and silver deposits. One of them is Muruntau with a resource of 107m ounces and believed to be the world’s largest open pit gold mine.
Gold mineralisation occurs in two principal settings within the Tien Shan Mineral Belt, namely as porphyry and epithermal systems developed within magmatic arcs, and orogenic-type gold deposits that are structurally controlled, and temporally and spatially associated with late Palaeozoic, syntectonic to early postcollisional, highly evolved, I-type granodioritic to monzonitic intrusives in fore- and back-arc terranes (Source: Cole and Seltmann, 2000; Yakubchuk et al., 2002; Mao et al., 2004).
Today there are many exploration companies prospecting in the region, such as:
- Chaarat Gold Holdings Ltd,
- China Nonferrous Gold Ltd,
- Manas Resources Ltd,
- Orsu Metals Ltd,
- White Cliff Minerals Ltd,
- Zarmadan Gold and
- Zijin Mining.
List of gold deposits in the Tien Shan Gold Belt
|Deposit Name||Gold Ounces|
Source: Company Reports
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